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Iraq Ecological Problems

Ecological problems

According to programingplease, Iraq faces a variety of ecological problems. The wars of the past 50 years and the attempt of the Baath regime to shape nature, including the course of rivers, according to one’s own ideas, have left their mark on nature. Pollution, drought and the decline in arable land are major consequences. The Tigris Dam in Turkey deprives the country of essential livelihoods. With the filling of the Ilisu Dam, Iraq finds itself in a water supply crisis. The Iraqi side complains that the river level is said to have been decimated by half. Baghdad also fears that the dam will serve as an additional political pressure. And finally, there are regional and global climate phenomena that are troubling Iraq. The lack of accountability since the end of the Iraq war in 2003 has exacerbated the partly industrial pollution and according to its own information leads to 17,000 infections due to water pollution in larger cities such as Basra.

Iraq has only a handful of closed forest systems that are located in a few places in the Zagros Mountains. There are also open or fragmented forest areas in the same area as well as in Maysan Province. Freestanding trees and shrubs and shrubs are only found in heaped form at the foot of the Zagros Mountains. In addition, on the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and in the southern marshland. As far as the closed forest areas are concerned, many of them were cut down by Saddam’s armed forces at the end of the 1960’s in order to deprive the Kurdish guerrillas of their natural cover and the Shiites an important livelihood. As a result of the so-called fratricidal war between the Kurdish parties PUK and KDP, when a starving population had neither fuel nor enough food, forests were cut down. They are missing today as air filters, as humidity regulators,

There are programs for reforestation both by the Kurdish regional government and from Baghdad. The problem, however, is that they will only work tomorrow against a problem that is already serious today: desertification. Therefore, in April 2013 the central government decided on a comprehensive countermeasure package. We are talking about the equivalent of US $ 10.4 million. How much of this will actually flow into concrete measures and how sustainable the success will be in the end remains to be seen. Because some factors that contribute to desertification have also become more effective. The drought is increasing continuously in the entire region. Sandstorms from the Arabian desert are now blowing into northern Kurdistan. In all areas of Iraq this not only exacerbates desertification and a loss of agricultural land.

In addition, Syria is increasingly drawing water from the Euphrates, and Turkey is regulating the flow of water in the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris through its Ataturk Dam and 21 other dam projects in southeastern Anatolia. Iraq sees itself at the end of the pipeline, so to speak, and fears that there will be enough water for its lifeline, the Euphrates. Iraq’s environment has been subject to a number of converging pressures stemming from population growth, the impact of three wars, climate change, poor land use planning, and encroachment on fragile ecosystems. Iraq faces serious environmental problems, ranging from poor water quality, soil salinity, air pollution, and conflict pollution to the deterioration of key ecosystems, climate change impacts and threat of water shortages. The biggest problem in Iraq is the water shortrange.

Iraq has a number of environmental issues . Numerous spills have resulted from damage to Iraq’s oil infrastructure, and the lack of water treatment facilities at Iraqi refineries has led to pollution from those installations. This has many concerns for the population of Iraq.

What is the government doing about the environment in Iraq

Although the interim government appointed in 2004 included a Ministry of Environment, long-term environmental crises such as the depletion of marshland in the Shatt al Arab have a low priority. The government has made numerous efforts to help the environment and the people of Iraq. Nairobi/Baghdad, 21 September 2020 – The Government of Iraq, in partnership with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), has launched a process to develop a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) to build the country’s resilience to climate change.